Diamonds 101

It is no surprise that diamonds are known as a girl’s best friend. With everything from engagement rings and weddings bands to diamonds stud earrings and tennis bracelets, there is a type of diamond jewellery for every occasion.  As the hardest known substance, diamonds can last lifetimes, handed down from generation to generation. And at HOWARD, we guarantee that every necessary step has been taken to ensure that our diamonds are conflict free.

When discussing diamonds, you should know about the 4 C’s: Carat, Colour, Clarity, and Cut.

Carat is the weight of a diamond. One carat is 0.20 grams, and each carat can be split into 100 points. For example, a diamond that weighs 0.90 carats can be called a ’90 pointer’, and would weigh 0.18 grams.

Colourless to near-colourless diamonds are graded on a scale from D-Z, with D being entirely colourless and Z being lightly coloured (often yellow). There are also fancy coloured diamonds, which are not graded on the scale; the most common are brown and yellow, the rarest vibrant red and blue hues.

Clarity is a measure of how clear the inside of a diamond is. The highest grade possible is Flawless, and the lowest is Included. Diamonds are graded at 10x magnification, but inclusions are usually eye visible in Included (and sometimes in Slightly Included) diamonds.

Cut is an important factor that evaluates the brilliance, scintillation (sparkle), and fire of a diamond. The complex combination of angles and lengths that make up a diamond’s proportions are analyzed to give a diamond its cut grade: Excellent, Very Good, Good, Fair, or Poor.  A diamond’s polish and symmetry also affect the cut grade.

Now that you have learnt about the 4 C’s, it is time to decide which of the C’s are the most important to you. Do you want a large 3 carat diamond, and don’t mind having a lower colour or clarity? Does a half-carat (0.50ct) D colour VVS2 diamond suit your lifestyle better? You can decide to have it all with a 5 carat D colour Flawless diamond with excellent cut.

Book an appointment with one of our sales associates and find the perfect diamond for you or you can browse our selection of diamond jewellery here.

Contact us
by Phone by Email